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Information Technology in Travel and Tourism

Autor:   •  August 22, 2012  •  Research Paper  •  6,454 Words (26 Pages)  •  1,263 Views

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Information technology in Travel and Tourism

Introduction

The developments in computer and communication technologies have made it possible to have rental cars with computerised driving directions and self-service video-terminals at rental counters in high traffic airports. Fully automated rental transaction systems came into existence. Yet another major contribution of technological developments in computers and communication systems to tourism is the computerised reservation systems (CRS). These systems can now inform subscribers about schedules, fares and seat availability, issue tickets and boarding passes, record bookings, maintain waiting lists, display preferred airlines or classes, search for the lowest fare available or the first available non-stop flight and calculate fares for domestic and international itineraries. The system can also make reservations for other services like hotels, car rentals, cruises, railways, tours, boat charters, theatres and sporting events. According to WTO, the Internet is revolutionising the distribution of tourism information and sales. An increasing proportion of Internet users are buying on–line and tourism will gain a larger and larger share of the online commerce market. Obviously, the Internet is having a major impact as a source of information for tourism.

Information Needs in Tourism

Travel is a basic human instinct. Technological revolutions in the last few decades and the consequent changes in the social systems accelerated its intensity in the current century. Thus, tourism is presently a mass phenomenon involving every human being in the world. They need detailed information about each place they intend to visit. The specific elements of such information needs are:

• Geographical information on location, climate, landscape, etc.

• Attraction features

• Social customs, culture and other special features of the place

• Accessibility though air, water, rail and road and availability of scheduled means of transport

• Accommodation, restaurant and shopping facilities

• Activities and entertainment facilities

• Seasons of visit and other unique features

• Quality of facilities and their standard prices including exchange rates

• Entry and exit formalities and restrictions if any on tourists, etc.

Though the ultimate users of this information are the consumers ie. the tourists, the actual benefits in money terms accrue to the tourism industry consisting of the destination managers and service providers.

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