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Slhs 1010 Exam 3 Study Guide - the Individual's Response to Disability

Autor:   •  October 3, 2012  •  Study Guide  •  1,890 Words (8 Pages)  •  1,231 Views

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SLHS 1010 Study Guide for Exam #3

Chapter 7 – Smart Text "The Individual's Response to Disability"

What is the difference in congenital disabilities versus acquired disabilities regarding memory.

Individuals with congenital disabilities have no memory of not having the disability.

4 reasons to use response versus acceptance of disability from the text and lecture are:

1. Not disability itself, but the meaning that will determine response

2. There are many types of responses/acceptance – psychological, occupational and social

3. Adjustment, adaptation and acceptance pathologize the experience of a disability, automatically assumed undesirable state

4. The individual copes with a disability and makes adjustments throughout lifetime; acceptance is not a one-time event

What are the factors in an individual's environment that impact response to disability?

Economic security, educational level, family support, treatment availability and options, culture, other identities.

Define the 3 Responses to Disability – cognitive, behavioral & affective

Cognitive – how one chooses to view (or to think about) the disability; positive response means redefining reality vs. ignoring or denying it.

Behavioral – positive responses include: active mastery of the disability, compliance with treatment regimens, seek out social support, return to work, and for many, actively fighting against stigma and prejudice/discrimination of society. Behavioral responses can be observed, measured, and quantified.

Affective – how the individual feels about the disability and how he or she manages emotions; difficult to measure but can be done by interviewing or psychological instruments/ surveys.

List and define 4 helpful points for Cognitive Restructuring according to Beatrice Wright (1960).

1. Enlargement of the scope of values

• Well-adjusted people can generate options

o Professors, editors, writers follow intellectual pursuits

• PWD who able to enlarge value system will have more options and choices

2. Subordination of the physique

• Do not think of the body as a symbol of worth, desirability, or competence

3. Containment of disability effects

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