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Human Genome Project Study Guide

Autor:   •  March 13, 2011  •  Study Guide  •  278 Words (2 Pages)  •  1,315 Views

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rnrn1. What is the Human Genome Project?rn- the HGP is an international scientific research project with a primary goal of determining the sequence of chemical base pairs which make up DNA and to identify and map the approximately 20,000–25,000 genes of the human genome from both a physical and functional standpointrnrn2. Compare a linkage map and a sequencing map.rn- A linkage map is seeing if two genes are connected and within a certain distance (50 map units). A sequence map is actually sequencing the DNA of somebody. The similarities are both a map of the DNA and will help to see if the genes are linked. However, one is fairly easy to make (wait a generation) while the other takes a lot of work and expensive equipment. Also, the sequencing map is much more thorough but can be difficult to interpret while linkage is easy to understand.rnrn3.What is the goal of gene therapy?rn- The purpose of gene therapy is to replace a defective gene with a normal copy of the same gene in attempt to restore function. rnrn4.Explain why DNA fingerprinting can be used as evidence in law enforcementrn-DNA fingerprinting can be used as evidence in law enforcement because everybody has a unique set of fingerprints. Not one person has the same fingerprints as anyone else. So if the police have found fingerprints on a stolen car, and they don't belong to the owner. Then they can find the criminal by their fingerprints.rnrn5: Describe some possible benefits of the Human Genome Project.rn• to predict and prevent dieseasesrn• to develop new and improved medicinesrn• the diagnosis is accuratern• to improve forensic sciencern• to be able to discover the cures to previously genetic incurable diseasernrn

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