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Commerce :should Alcohol Be Raised to 21 from 18

Autor:   •  May 23, 2019  •  Presentation or Speech  •  768 Words (4 Pages)  •  23 Views

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Part A Commerce Term 2 Task

Young people are at greater risk of alcohol than adults.. In a 2017 report on a survey conducted on Australian secondary school students, around 6.4 % of them drank more than four drinks in one day in the past seven days. This is binge drinking and is the most dangerous form of alcohol consumption as it involves the person getting drunk, intoxicated and many dangerous side effects.

Short term effects of binge drinking

  • Slurred speech
  • Drowsiness
  • Vomiting
  • Headaches
  • Distorted vision and hearing
  • Impaired judgement
  • Decreased perception and coordination
  • Blackouts and Unconsciousness

If the young adult continues drinking into adulthood which is an extreme likelihood where bad habits become addictions the following have a high chance of happening

  • Injuries due to short term effects
  • Loss of productivity
  • Alcohol poisoning
  • Heart-related diseases
  • Liver disease
  • Sexual problems
  • Permanent damage to the brain
  • Cancer of the mouth throat and or liver

Because of the poor decision making when drinking medium to large amounts of alcohol, drink driving accidents are a leading cause of death in young adults of 16-25. In 2018, 50 young drivers lost their lives drink driving in NSW. Alcohol also impairs judgement when it comes to unsafe sexual practises.

Drinking alcohol can affect how the brain develops in people under the age of 25. People under 15 years of age are particularly at risk. Teenage brains are still developing, and the areas of the brain that undergo the most dramatic changes during the teenage years are the frontal lobe and hippocampus. These areas are associated with motivation, impulse control and addiction.

Alcohol is a neurotoxin, which means it can poison the brain. One of the effects of excessive alcohol use is that it interferes with vitamin B absorption, which prevents the brain from working properly. 

Long-term drinking above the recommended levels may lead to a range of disorders, collectively known as alcohol-related brain injury (ARBI). Symptoms can include learning and memory problems, and difficulties with balance. 

Right now, alcohol is generally considered to be a socially acceptable drug, yet it is responsible for most drug-related deaths in the teenage and young adult population.

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