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Geographical Information System (gis)

Autor:   •  March 8, 2011  •  Essay  •  548 Words (3 Pages)  •  1,801 Views

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(GIS), an abbreviation for geographical information system or geospatial information system. As derives from its name, GIS is an information system that integrates, stores, edits, analyzes, shares, and displays geographic information for informing decision making.

In general, GIS are tools that allow users to digitally creates and "manipulates" spatial information, edit data, maps, and present the results of all these operations for the users, or in the simplest terms, GIS is the merging of cartography, statistical analysis, and database technology that used by an organizations to achieve goals in their businesses. However, GIS used by one company maybe different from others organizations depending on the type of businesses and the purpose of using GIS for the company.

GIS has been widely used in many fields, for example: archaeology, geography, cartography, remote sensing, land surveying, public utility management, natural resource management, precision agriculture, photogrammetric, urban planning, emergency management, landscape architecture, navigation, aerial video, and localized search engines.

Benefits brought by GIS systems, software and applications are highly discovered by large organizations in recent years and of course, the company we chosen, FedEx was one of them. In order to delivers 2.5 million packages and handles 45.5 million e-transactions daily, FedEx pursued GIS software based on its needs to do business in a timely manner and to analyze geographic information for the purpose of optimizes and restructures routes.

To assist company's route planner program, FedEx takes in GenaMap and ArcInfo software. GenaMap, written by Genasys 2, its function to provide vector spatial data management, full analytical capability and sophisticated topology, whereas, ArcInfo, from Environmental Systems Research Institute Inc (ESRI) which offers automation, modification, analysis, and display of geographic information.

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