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Modern Perception of Marx, Lenin and Communist Manifesto

Autor:   •  January 24, 2013  •  Research Paper  •  2,284 Words (10 Pages)  •  1,223 Views

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Communism, Marx, Lenin and Modern Perception



The Communist Manifesto by Carl Marx, The State and Revolution by Vladimir Lenin and their Impact on the Modern International Communism Expansion and Development


Although the fundamental concepts of communism have been outlined by three the most acknowledged and authoritative theoreticians of communism, Vladimir Lenin, Carl Marx and Friedrich Engels more than a hundred years ago, the impact on the social institution and public perception of the contemporary model of human realities in the countries of Europe and America is still present. Several countries live in accordance with the postulates of communism.

The aim of this paper is to outline the historical developments of communism and main postulates of this political theory on the basis of the Lenin’s The State and the Revolution and Carl Marx’s, Friedrich Engels’s The Communist Manifesto. The paper is focused primarily on the contents of these instruments and the ways the messages of these scholars of communism were practiced and interpreted at the dawn of the twentieth century and contemporarily and how the message of those studies influence the public. The last sections of the essay substantiate the inapplicability of the communism model of societal structure and communism economic model to the needs of the modern society.


Communism is a complex scientific and socio-political phenomenon. One of the main peculiarities of the international communist movement at the dawn of its popularity was the alleged intentions of the communism practitioners to meet the genuine needs of the society. At the end of the 19th century only the interests and the needs of the upper classes of the society were satisfied. To be more exact, only aristocrats, clergy and merchants were reported to be gratified by their living standards. The life conditions of workers and employees were miserable. Average wages and salaries could hardly enable workers and employees of the inferior chains of production to provide themselves and their families with the most basic goods. Only unhealthy food and cheap clothes could have been bought by them.

Considering the fact that more than 70% of the entire European population in 1909-1917 was reported to be totally ungratified by the existing living standards. It shall be highlighted that statesmen fully realized the gravity of the problem and the hypothetical probability of power transition by violent means, i.e. by means of revolution.


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