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A Brief History of Airline Industry

Autor:   •  March 15, 2011  •  Case Study  •  8,181 Words (33 Pages)  •  2,102 Views

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1.1 Industry Analysis

A brief History of Airline Industry

The story of people's desire to fly effortlessly in the open sky dates back to ancient times. We even have heard stories, epics, and histories depicting the desire to fly liberally in the open sky. This longing led number of people to try to fly with manmade feathers engraved within them, the result of which was nothing but failure. With invent of successful flight in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina by Wright Brothers', the beginning of the aviation industry was marked. But the development of the aviation industry was first stimulated when United States' participated in World War I. In the early years, the public did not embrace airplane travel as an option perceiving that it was too dangerous. In 1927, when Charles Lindbergh successfully completed a solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean, it created massive interest in flying with the general public. This was the instigation point when a variety of air transport holding companies began which included Aviation Corporation. With United States' entry into World War II, commercial fleets and pilots were sent to Europe to participate in the war effort. The war also helped to generate support for research and development of aircraft, which extended beyond the war to commercial aviation.

History of Airline Industry in Nepal

The first airline Nepal Airlines Corporation was formed in July 1958 by the Nepalese government and a flag carrier. Indian Airlines ruled the Nepalese sky prior to this date .Royal Nepal took over the international schedules in 1960. Nepal Airline started its fleet with Douglas DC-3s, which quickly moved onto the turboprop Fokker F-27. By the early 1970s, the airlines had introduced Hawker Siddeley HS-748 turboprops. In 1972, Boeing 727 jet Airlines were introduced after Kathmandu's runway had been extended for medium sized jet operations. The Boeing 727s was gradually replaced by Boeing 757s, which were in use form 1987. In the year 1996, the services were extended to China and Japan after the lease introduction of an A310 Airbus.

• Destinations:

o Domestic routes

o International routes

 Bangkok, Bombay, Calcutta, Delhi, Dubai, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, London, Osaka, Shanghai, Singapore.

• Fleet:

o Boeing 757-200,HS-748,DHC-6 Twin Otter, PC-6 Turbo Porter

• Domestic Airline Industry:

Many new domestic airlines have taken to the skies since the privatization of the airline industry in 1991. All the airlines


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