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The Importance of Communication

Autor:   •  October 4, 2016  •  Research Paper  •  1,757 Words (8 Pages)  •  631 Views

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            Communication is a process or activity delivering a message from one person to another to achieve certain goals. Communication is a prerequisite of human life. Human life will seem hollow if there is no communication. Because without communication, interaction between people, either as individuals, groups, or organizations may not be able to occur. Two people were said to interact if each action and reaction. Human actions and reactions carried out either individually, group, or organization.        

        As social beings, we can not escape from the act of communication to deliver and receive messages to and from other people. This communication actions continue to occur during the process of life. The process takes place in a variety of contexts both physical, psychological, or social, because the communication process does not occur in an empty space. Perpetrators of human communication process is always moving dynamically. Communication is important because the functions that can be felt by the perpetrators of such communication. Communication through someone expressed what was in the mind of thoughts and feelings of conscience to others either directly or indirectly. Through communication one can make himself do not feel alienated or isolated from the surrounding environment.        


Communication functions according Uchjana Onong Effendy:        

1. Inform (to inform)        

Is to provide information to the public, to inform people about the incident, ideas or thoughts and behavior of others, as well as everything that is communicated to others.

2. Educate (to educated)        

Communication is a means of education. With communication, humans can convey ideas and his mind to others, so others get information and knowledge.        

3. Entertaining (to entertain)        

Besides communication is useful to convey communication, education and influencing also serves to convey entertainment or entertain others.        

4. Influencing (to influence)        

Is a function affects every individual who communicates, of course, trying to influence each other's way of thinking communicant and further seeks to change attitudes and behavior communicant in accordance with what is expected.        

Communication functions according to William I Gordon:        

1. Social Communications        

Communication function as a social communication at least hinted that the communication was important to build our self-concept, self-actualization, for survival, to happiness, to avoid the stress and tension.        

Social communication is important to:        

     The concept of self, that is our view of ourselves and who could only be obtained through the information given by others to us.        
    Existence itself. By communicating, we can demonstrate the existence of our self or self-actualization.
    For survival, foster relationships and happiness.        

2. Communication Expressive        

Expressive communication can be done alone or in groups. Expressive communication can be done as far as communication has become an instrument to convey the feelings or emotions. Expressive communication does not necessarily aim to influence others. The feeling is mainly communicated through non-verbal messages.        

1. Communication Ritual        

Communications ritual often done collectively. Those who participated in the ritual forms of communication reaffirm their commitment to the family tradition, tribe, nation, state, ideology, or religion.        

2. Communication Instrumental        

Instrumental communication has several general purpose, among others, to inform, teach, encourage, change attitudes and beliefs and change the behavior or move action and also to entertain.


Communication always appear in context, that is, in a certain setting or situation. Theoretically, the context of communication can be divided in various ways, depending on the categories we use. For example, based on the category of the type of content messaging, communication can be divided on political communication, business communication, health communication, social communication, and so on.        

Judging from the numbers, communicator or communicant can be distinguished on one person, many people (small groups, large groups, or organizations), and mass. So based on the category of the number of people involved, the communication can occur in the form of interpersonal, group, organizational, mass and intercultural. However, before going on interpersonal communication, communication takes place inside the communicator, which we call intrapersonal communication. The classification is based on this we call the level of communication. These are discussed below:        

 1. Communication INTRAPERSONAL        

Intrapersonal communication is the communication that occurs within a communicator or commonly called communication with yourself. For example, you ask yourself, "In this situation, what should I do?" In intrapersonal communication, you act as communicators and communicant at once, the person to whom the message is intended communicator. Intrapersonal communication is the basis of interpersonal communication. When talking with others, you actually have completed a process berkomu-nication with ourselves, "What do you want me to ask? What message would I say? How best to deliver it? "This process is very quick, almost unnoticed again, except when you are first learning to speak or the first time in a foreign language that has not been too mastered. With the completion of intrapersonal communication, where people perform acts of communication to convey his message, so he went through at the level of interpersonal communication.        

2. Interpersonal communication        

Interpersonal communication may occur in the con-text of the communicator with a communicant (dyadic communication: two people) or a communicator with two communicant (communication triadic: three). More than three people is usually considered the group communication. Interpersonal communication can take place in person or use the media, interpersonal communication (nonmedia mass), such as the telephone. In interpersonal communication, communicators relatively familiar with the communicant, and vice versa, the messages sent and received simultaneously and spontaneous, relatively less structured, so does the feedback can be accepted immediately. At the level of interpersonal, communication takes place in a circular, the role of communicator and communicant kept interchangeable, therefore be said that the position of the communicator and the communicant are relatively similar. This process is commonly called a dialogue, although in certain contexts may also occur monologue, only one party that is dominating the conversation. The most powerful effect of interpersonal communication between the level of communication. In interpersonal communication, communicators can directly affect the behavior (conative effects) of komunikannya, utilizing verbal and nonverbal messages, and immediately modify or customize the message if obtained negative feedback.        

3. Communications Group        

If the number of communicators more than three people, likely to be considered a small group communication or commonly known as group communication only. Meanwhile, large group communication commonly known as public communication. Total human communicators in the communications group, large or small, is not determined mathematically, but depend on the emotional bond between its members. In group communication, communicators are relatively familiar with the communicant, and likewise antarkomunikan. Forms of communication such small groups are meetings, meetings, and others. Small group communication inevitably involves interpersonal communication, so that interpersonal communication theory also applies here. Feedback can be accepted immediately, specify delivery of subsequent messages. However, the message is relatively more structured than interpersonal communication, both formal and informal. Communications group we often encounter in the family, neighbors, friends and relatives, or group discussions. Group communication can occur within the group and between groups.

4. Communication in Organizations        

Organizational communication going on within the organization and between organizations, both formal and informal. The more formal nature, the more structured the message. Formal communication is communication according to the organizational structure: communication up, down, or horizontally. While informal communication is going on outside the organizational structure. Therefore, organizational communication involves a group communication, interpersonal communication, intrapersonal communication, and public communication sometimes also appear in it.        

5. Mass Communication        

Mass communication involves a number of communicants that much, spread over a wide geographical area, but got the attention and interest on the same issue. Therefore, for messages to be received simultaneously at the same time, the use of mass media such as newspapers, magazines, radio, or television. At the level of this communication, communicators and communicant and relative antarkomunikan not know each other personally, anonymously, and very heterogeneous. Communicators can be organizations (eg, the editorial team, or NGOs that protested against something). Messages are relatively common message, conveyed simultaneously and very structured. In mass communication, feedback is relatively not exist or is delayed. Communicators tend to be difficult to know the communicant with immediate feedback. To find out, it usually has to do a survey or research. In mass communication happen anyway organizational communication, communication or any large group of small, interpersonal communication, and intrapersonal communication.        

6. Intercultural Communication        

Intercultural communication occurs when a message (message) to be understood produced by members of a particular culture for the consumption of members of other cultures.

Another definition that the process of intercultural communication is an interpersonal interactions and interpersonal communication is done by some people who have different cultural backgrounds. Regardless of the definition exists on intercultural communication stated that intercultural communication occurs when there are two different cultures and both cultures are conducting communication process.


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