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No.7 Siw Tasks of Metabolism and Ebergy

Autor:   •  February 19, 2019  •  Essay  •  392 Words (2 Pages)  •  24 Views

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The preparation of food rations.

Nutrition - a means of sustaining life, growth and development, health and high performance. Irrational nutrition leads to metabolic disorders and disorder of the functional state of the body systems, especially the digestive, cardiovascular and central nervous systems.

  1. to prepare human diet, which rules should be followed:
  • The energy value of the daily diet should correspond to the energy consumption of the body. Energy consumption of the body depends on gender (women are lower by an average of 10 %), age (in older people they are lower by an average of 7% in each decade), physical activity, profession.
  • Each body needs a strictly defined amount of nutrients, which must come in certain proportions. According to the principle of a balanced diet, the provision of basic nutrients involves the supply of proteins, fats, carbohydrates in the body in a strict ratio.
  • It’s necessary to eat a variety of foods from all groups of products every day. Products contain a variety of food combinations, but there is no product that could meet the needs of the body in all nutrients.
  • Limit the consumption of pure sugar, salt and avoid alcohol.

Write the accepted ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates – 45–65% carbs, 20–35% fats, 10–35% proteins.

What is the balanced diet – a diet consisting of a variety of different types of food and providing adequate amounts of the nutrients necessary for good health.

Task №1. Do the work of the preparation of food rations.

Fill a table consisting of the following columns: 1-menu; 2-name of the product; 3-the amount of product in grams; 4-food composition; 5 calories. Fill in the table, calculate

  1. The total caloric intake of the diet per day;
  2. Calorie of breakfast, lunch, dinner.
  3. Calculate how much protein, fat and carbohydrate is included in this diet;
  4. To determine the ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the daily diet;
  5. Compare the data with the recommended standards;
  6. Correct it if necessary.


The product's name

The number of product g

The composition of the food, g






1 banana

1 cup of yogurt with two tablespoons honey

1 cup of black coffee or herbal tea







Chicken breast with mushrooms and buckwheat.

Large garden salad with tomato.

1 cup of vegetable soup

Glass of water


Baked potato with fish

Salad with cabbage and cucumber

Glass of water

Total qty

Student’s name


Faculty -


Teacher’s signature


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