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Ech 425 - Oral Language

Autor:   •  January 24, 2016  •  Essay  •  878 Words (4 Pages)  •  1,159 Views

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Quanita Avery

January 17, 2016

ECH/425

Becky Hathaway

Five stages of Oral Development        

5 Stage of Oral Development

Description

Utterance Sounds

Activities/ Strategies

Cooing

Cooing can begin as early as 6 weeks of age. During this time the infant child begins to explore and play with sounds by using the tongue, mouth and breath. During this time, the child is likely to form vowel like sounds before constants sounds begin to be established.

/aaa/, /ooo/, /ahhh/…

Talking and reading to the baby helps with not only voice recognition, but also verbal development (similar.com).

Babbling

Babbling happens between 4-6 months of age. During this stage, the constant, vowel combination comes into play. As the child gets older 8-10 months, the babbling becomes more developed. This becomes more like a rhythm and sound babbling known as echolalic babbling.

“Ba-ba-ba”

“Da-da-da”

“Ma-ma-ma”

Imitate any sounds that the baby may make.

 Also cheer when the baby makes a related

sound back (similac.com). Also play

 mouth patting games helps with oral

 development. Incorporated with

sounds helps with the development
(
http://www.earlyliteracylearning.org/cellpractices_rev/CELLpracT_Inf_Babbling.pdf).

One Word Stage

This stage comes around the age of 1. During this time, a child may create a word that refers to a special object or toy. Parents may use these created to words to help communicate with the child and establish communication. These words are known as idiomorphis. Conventional words are bought about at this stage as well.

“Cup”

“Go”

“No”

Label all things and repeat as much as possible to establish the correct sounds and phrases of words being said (http://www.mathcs.duq.edu/~packer/Courses/Psy598/One%20Word%20Utterances.pdf).

Telegraphic Stage

This stage is where the toddler begins to string a long several words to create a phrase. By this stage the toddler is starting preschool and is uttering words as well as small sentences. This is an important stage because the child is now arranging words in a sense to fully communicate.

“Night night”

“mommy hat”

Using pictures, books and mini field trips helps with verbal development at this stage http://www.earlychildhoodnews.com/earlychildhood/article_view.aspx?ArticleID=119 ).

Beginning Oral Fluency

Age 3-4 years old. The child is more fluent with the language that is used at home, and is able to communicate with their parents through questions, and expressing their thoughts.  Through the rest of the child’s schooling, the oral development becomes more complex resulting in them being able to communicate with family and others.

“I gotta potty mommy.”

“I am hungry.”

“Help me please.”

Engaging in activities at school or in daycare that requires the child to be social with others as well as verbally express themselves. Using pictures, books and even outings helps with this process. (http://www.earlychildhoodnews.com/earlychildhood/article_view.aspx?ArticleID=119 ).

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