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Child Labour Research Paper

Autor:   •  September 29, 2011  •  Research Paper  •  1,755 Words (8 Pages)  •  1,442 Views

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1.0 INTRODUCTION

Child labour refers to children who leave the school and enter into work force in which it is consider as illegal by law and the age is mainly between 5 and 17. Employing underage children consider as unethical practices because if the children who work under hazardous environment it can bring harmful to their physical and mental development. However, the phenomenon of child labour is widely prevalent in some of the impoverish areas of developing countries as the rights of children are not strongly protected, typically children from rural areas are mainly employ in agriculture sector (Roggero et al., 2007).

Furthermore, child labour constitute a significant part of cheap labour force due to their earning power is pathetically low or some even unpaid yet they are force to work for long working hours. Moreover, employers are likely to employ children because children tend to be less troublesome and more discipline. Recent decades, there are growing concern on child labour issues in some of the developed nations. In order to reduce the level of child labour in developing countries, developed countries are now start to boycott those product that produce by children. With increasing in globalisation, consumers in developed countries demanding not only for low prices products that produce in developing countries, but also assurance that the products are produce under an acceptable norms (Sud, 2010).

2.0 CAUSES OF CHILD LABOUR

There are various types of causes why children out to work instead of attending school, such as poverty within the household, high costs of education, unrestricted laws in the third world countries and organisation can achieve low production costs by employing child labour.

2.1 Poverty within the household

Poverty has been posing a threat to some of the developing countries. This is the major factor of why children are force by their parents to be economically active instead of attending school (Bourdillon, 2006). Besides, the phenomenon of child labour in India is of greater proportion yet they remain the largest child labour force in the world (Aggarwal, 2008). Therefore, households with lower income may force their children out to work in order to supplement household income by attaining basic necessities for the entire families.

2.2 Costs of education

Even though some countries provide free education for the children, yet some of the parents still unable to send their children to school, especially for those family with lots of children. In order to send their children to school, the parents need to pay for school clothes, transportation costs to school, costs of purchasing textbook and so forth. This is the reason why their parents

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