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Sustainable Development of Tourism

Autor:   •  February 21, 2019  •  Essay  •  2,695 Words (11 Pages)  •  33 Views

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The University of Girona

Project:

Project assessment in sustainable programs
(namely ISO-14001 and EMAS) applied to the
Parco Nazionale delle Dolomiti Bellunesi

Subject: Sustainable development of tourism

Student: Eroshkina Alina

2019

Content

  1. Presentation and identification
  2. Environmental certification (namely EMAS and ISO-14001):

a) Characteristics and award objectives

b) The steps for obtaining the certification

c) The main reasons for the adoption of the environmental management tools

3. Analysis of the application of the case study award:

a) Accreditation process

b) Critical evaluation

c) Proposals for improvement

4. Conclusions

The Park is situated on the southern border of the dolomitic area and it represents a sector of the southeastern Alps of noteworthy and acknowledged environmental interest, with a high level of naturality and an excellent conservation of the ecosystems.

It develops at an altitude between 412 m and 2,565 m, therefore it includes a great variety of environments: from the riparian areas of the valley bottom to the high-altitude rocky walls, through broad-leaved tree and conifer forests, high-altitude shrublands, grasslands and screes.

Of a total surface extending for more than 31,000 hectares, more than 18,000 hectares are covered with forests (almost 60% of the Park), meadows and pastures occupy 12% of the total surface (3,800 hectares), whereas the rocky environments occupy over a quarter of the Park's area (8,700 hectares).

Water courses and lakes are present in 1% of the Park (more than 400 hectares). Only a minimum surface is occupied by streets and built-up areas. The Park territory is structured in crisscrossing valleys shaped by glaciers and streams. Each valley is an access to extraordinary places. Discover the waters in the valleys of Mis and Veses; the forests in Cajada and Grisol; the landscapes in Val di Lamen and Val Canzoi; the fossil gorge in Valle dell'Ardo and the Dolomite cliffs in Val Pramper.

The life of many animals depends on water. Certain vegetal habitats of great importance are strictly linked to water. Except for the high-mountain karst areas (Circhi delle Vette, Piani Eterni, Van de Zità), where infrequent brooks are immediately swallowed up by underground cavities, the Park watercourses flow in a complex network of valleys and dells often having the features of narrow ravines. There are many springs emerging to the surface in woodlands, accompanied by showy cushions of musk. It is frequent to run into foamy waterfalls and spectacular potholes.

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