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Kinetic Theory - the States of Matter Are Solid, Liquid, and Gas

Autor:   •  February 1, 2016  •  Research Paper  •  350 Words (2 Pages)  •  365 Views

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KINETIC THEORY

The States of matter are Solid, Liquid, and  Gas

The solubility of a solute in water, at a given temperature, is referred to as the maximum amount which will dissolve in 100g of water at that temperature.

Acid + Alkali------> Salt + Water

Metal + Acid ------> Salt + Hydrogen

Base + Acid -------> Salt + Water

Acid + Carbonate --------> Carbon Dioxide + Water + Salt

Reduction-Loss of Oxygen

Oxidation-Gaining of oxygen

Redux-Both

Test for Oxygen-Relight a glowing splint.

Rusting-Hydrated Iron (III) Oxide (2Fe2O3H2O(S))

How can it be prevented? Painting-Galvanizing-Plating

Blast Furnace AGHHHHH:

Step 1) C+O2 ------> CO2

Step 2) CO2 + C -----> 2CO

Step 3) Fe2O3 + 3CO -----> 2Fe +3CO2

Step 4) CaCO3 ------> CaCO3 + CO2

Step 5) CaO +SiO2 ----------> CaSiO3

Step 6) Run off impurities

Balancing Equations-Swap and Drop

Thermal Decomposition- It is the breakdown of a compound using heat.

Energetics:

Bond Making-Exothermic

Bond Breaking-Endothermic

BMX-Bond Making eXothermic

PERIODIC TABLE

Group 1-Alkali Metals-Very Reactive.

Group 2-Alkaline Earth Metals-More reactive as you descend.

Group 7-The Halogens-Less reactive as you descend

Group 8-Noble Gasses-Monatomic as full outer shell

Periods-These go across.

Metals and reactivity Series

Potassium Peter

Sodium Smith

Calcium Caught

Magnesium My

Aluminium Aunt

Zinc Zela

Iron In

Tin The

Lead Larder

Hydrogen Happily

Copper Chewing

Mercury Munching

Silver seven

Gold Golden

Platinum Pears

ACIDS BASES AND SALTS

Acids:

pH less than 7

Turn universal indicator red

Turn blue litmus red

Contains hydrogen ions

Base- It is a substance which reacts with acid to produce a salt and water as its only products.

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