Ecology and Magnetism Are Unseen Methods of Influence Which Are Equally Effective
Autor: jon • March 8, 2011 • Term Paper • 762 Words (4 Pages) • 1,366 Views
Handy (1993) Contends That Ecology And Magnetism Are Unseen Methods Of Influence Which Are Equally Effective. Discuss The Two Methods And How They Can Be Or Are Used In Your Organisation.
Influence can be described as the ability to modify or change the behaviour of others. Influence is achieved through the use of various methods. This paper will discuss ecology and magnetism as the unseen methods of influence and how they are applied in my organisation, Xxx.
Ecology adopts an open systems approach where it is envisaged that there is a relationship between an environment and organisms within it. The behaviour of organisms is a response to the ecological environment. On the other hand, magnetism is an invisible pull which compels individuals to follow and work for someone.
The above description of ecology concentrated on how organisms in general are influenced by their environment. However, the same concept applies to individuals and the organisations they work in. The behaviour and attitudes of individuals are shaped by the environment in which they work. Handy (1993), as adopted by Nyamunda (2002); page 43, identified two types of environments, the physical environment and the psychological and sociological environment.
The physical environment consists of issues such as noise, variety, seating patterns, office plans, segregation and the general surroundings of the organisation. In my organisation, the noise factor is significant because of the heavy industrial processes which take place at Xxx. It has been noticed that employees who work in noisy areas will develop a tendency of shouting even when outside the noisy areas. The other negative impact of noise is that communication becomes difficult in the work area resulting in accidents. The Company has tried to reduce the impact of noise by using earplugs.
As part of the physical environment, Xxx has adopted the open plan office for its accounts and Information Technology departments. The open plan office system enhances communication. It has also been observed that concentration on work is increased and time wasting activities like long phone calls are reduced because of fear of peer rebuke. Subordinates can also get assistance from their supervisor quickly as access is simplified in an open plan office.
Under the psychological and sociological environment, the following factors have been identified: -
• Small group participation is easier than in large groups.
• Achievable challenging targets motivate individuals.
• Increased interaction creates shared goals, whether good or