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Discuss the Contribution of Other Social Sciences to the Emergence of Organisational Behaviour as a Field of Study. Industrial Psychology Anthropology Sociology Political Science

Autor:   •  August 8, 2018  •  Essay  •  491 Words (2 Pages)  •  62 Views

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Discuss the contribution of other social sciences to the emergence of organisational behaviour as a field of study. Industrial psychology Anthropology Sociology Political Science

Organizational behavior is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within organizations for the purpose of applying such knowledge toward improving an organization’s effectiveness.  Due to an increase in organizational complexity, various types of knowledge are required and help in many ways. This is where behavioral science that is built upon contributions from a number of behavioral disciplines. These are important disciplines to the organizational behavior field which developed it extensively. The significant Disciplines to the Organization Behavior Field are psychology, sociology, social psychology, anthropology, and political science.

Psychology has perhaps the first influence on the field of organizational behavior because it is a science of behavior. Psychology deals with studying human behavior that seeks to explain and sometimes change the behavior’ of humans and other animals. Understanding Psychological principles and its models help significantly in gaining the knowledge of determinants of individual behavior such as:

  • the learning process,
  • motivation techniques,
  • personality determinants and development,
  • perceptual process and its implications,
  • training process,
  • leadership effectiveness,
  • job satisfaction,
  • individual decision making,
  • performance appraisal,
  • attitude measurement,
  • employee selection,
  • job design and work stress.

The main purpose of anthropology is to acquire a better understanding of the relationship between the human being and the environment. Adaptations to surroundings constitute culture. The manner in which people view their surroundings is a part of the culture. Culture includes those ideas shared by groups of individuals and languages by which these ideas are communicated. In essence, culture is a system of learned behavior. Their work on culture and environment has helped us to understand differences in fundamental values, attitudes, and behavior among people in different countries and within different organizations. Much of our current understandings of organizational culture, environments, and differences between national cultures are the results of the work of anthropologists or those using their methodologies.

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