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Cardiovascular Diseases

Autor:   •  September 11, 2016  •  Case Study  •  1,492 Words (6 Pages)  •  379 Views

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Introduction

Cardiovascular diseases(CVD)  which can be also coined as heart or blood vessel diseases is the major causes of mortality among the human populations in today’s era. It consists of various problems mostly related to certain conditions called as atherosclerosis. When a plaque initiates its development inside the walls of the arteries of the heart, it ultimately narrows the path of the blood flow which has to flow through the heart making it harder to flow. If the slow blood flow progresses in formation of clot inside the blood vessels, it can hinder the blood flow towards the heart resulting in a heart attack or a stroke (heart.org).

It can be considered as the leading cause of all the deaths that were reported among men or women of any racial/ethnic group in the United States considering African Americans, Hispanics or White American , where else in the people  of Asian, pacific or native Americans, it is the one after cancer. Coronary heart diseases alone were responsible for killing approximately 0.4 million people in the year 2014. In the united states only the condition is so worse that every fourth person die from this disease, killing one person every minute form the disease relevant to heart costing the country about 200 billion of dollars in the health insurance, medical prescriptions.

While CVD can also be referred to many various kinds or types of other heart related problems, while it can also be used to term the conditions pertaining heart and blood vessels problems resulted by atherosclerosis or building up of fatty materials inside the arteries, which are the ones to carry oxygen and nutrients from the heart to the whole body. A healthy individual’s arteries and blood vessels are strong and more flexible in comparison with a person’s artery who suffers from CVD.

The CVD gets initiated by the condition called atherosclerosis that is most often caused by some factors such as an unhealthy diet, lack or improper exercise, being obese/overweight, change in the lifestyle and also smoking. All these are risk factors acts as intermediates in the development of the condition which at the very last turns into heart disease.

Symptoms of heart disease that can be also seen in the blood vessels (cardiovascular disease)
In the CVD there is the formation of clot or plaque in the heart artery or blood vessels, which makes it more stiff and narrows the path of the blood flow to the parts such as brain, kidney, and other important parts which leads to symptoms such as: 

  • angina( pain in the chest)
  • Shortness of breath is experienced due to the less blood flow in the lungs
  • If the blood flow in the limbs are narrowed than pain in the legs as well as the hands is also experienced.
  • Alcohol consumption is also one key factor.
  • No or less physical activity leads to the proliferation of fatty materials in the body
  • Non healthy diet also promotes the heart disease
  • Regular pain experience among most parts of the body

It is also important for us to know that the conditions cannot be diagnosed until the condition of the person gets worsen which can ultimately lead to a heart attack or a stroke. So it is necessary for every one of us to keep a regular check on our body by contacting the doctor at regular intervals. (CDC)

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