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Bribery - Identification and Quantification

Autor:   •  June 14, 2014  •  Research Paper  •  4,172 Words (17 Pages)  •  784 Views

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Senior Project

Bribery- Identification and quantification

Prepared by:

Omar Hayek

Ahmad Naji

Hani Adra

Submitted to:

Dr. Khalil Ghazzawi

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

We would like to express our deepest appreciation to all those who provided us the possibility to complete this report. A special gratitude we give to our final year project professor, Dr. Khalil Ghazzawi whose contribution in stimulating suggestions and encouragement helped us to coordinate our project especially in writing this report.

Furthermore we would also like to acknowledge with much appreciation the crucial role of the staff of Rafik Hariri University, who gave the permission to use all required equipment and the necessary materials to complete the task.

Table of Contents

Abstract.......................................................................................................................

Introduction............................................................................................................

Chapter 1.

The legal framework for the treatment of proceeds of active bribery.....................................

A. Overview of legal remedies to confiscate or recover proceeds.................

1. Expropriation..............................................................................................

a. Property-based expropriation: Assessing direct or indirect proceeds...

b. Value-based expropriation: Assessing the equivalent value of proceeds

c. Gross or net proceeds/benefits or additional profits models...............

2. Disgorgement of profits ............................................................................

3. Fines based on the value of the benefit.....................................................

...............................................................................

B. Challenges linked to the interaction of remedies......................................

Chapter 2.

...

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