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Summary of Human Behavior in Organization

Autor:   •  January 17, 2018  •  Study Guide  •  411 Words (2 Pages)  •  276 Views

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  • Organizational Structure

Structure- Organizations create structure to facilitate the coordination of activities and to control the action of their members.

3 Components of Structure

  1. Complexity- To do with the degree to which activities within the organization are broken up or differentiated. It encompasses three forms or differentiation:
  1. Horizontal Differentiation- Degree or horizontal separation between units.
  2. Vertical Differentiation- Depth of the organizational hierarchy.
  3. Spatial Differentiation- the degree to which the location of an organization’s physical facilities and personnel are geographically dispersed.
  1. Formalization- Degree to which jobs within the organization are standardized.
  2. Centralization- which considers where decision-making authority lies.

  • Mechanistic vs Organic structure

  1. Mechanistic Structure- characterized by high complexity, high formalization, and a little participation by low-level members in decision making.
  2. Organic structure- it is low in complexity and formalization, it possesses a comprehensive information network, and involves high participation in decision-making.
  • Bureaucracy or Bureaucratic Structure- has procedures and protocols. It has the most of the characteristics associated with the mechanistic model.
  • Adhocracy or Adhocratic Structure- combines most of the features we’ve described in the organic model.

Structural design that German sociologist Max Weber has described as a having the following characteristics:

  1. Division of labor- Each person’s job is broken down into simple, routine, and well-defined task.
  2. Well defined authority hierarchy- There is a multilevel formal structure with a hierarchy of position or offices.
  3. High Formalization- To ensure uniformity and to regulate the behavior of job holders.
  4. Impersonal Nature- Sanctions are applied uniformly and impersonally to avoid involvement with individual personalities and personal preferences of members.
  5. Employment decision based on merits- Selection and promotion decision are based on technical qualifications competence, and performance of the candidate.
  6. Career tracks for employees- Members are expected to pursue a career in the organization.
  7. Distinct separation of members’ organizational and personal lives- To prevent the demands and interests of personal affairs from interfering with the rational impersonal conduct of the org. activities, the two are kept complete separate.

  • Organizational Key Structural Variables
  1. Organization Size-  Increased in the number of organizational members, also naturally increases the size of the organization
  2. Organizational Level/Vertical Differentiation- More organization levels mean a taller organizational structure.
  3. Span of Control- refers to the number of subordinates who report directly to a manager.
  4. Horizontal Differentiation- this might lead to overspecialization or over division of labor.
  5. Centralization- top managers make the organizations key decision with little or no input from lower-level personnel.

Decentralized Organization- action may be taken more quickly to solve problems.


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