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Bshs 455 - Outline Treatment Approaches

Autor:   •  February 3, 2016  •  Term Paper  •  1,149 Words (5 Pages)  •  1,088 Views

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Outline of Treatment Approaches

                  BSHS/455

Outline of Treatment Approaches

There are several forms of treatment approaches to support someone who is recovering from substance abuse. There is no treatment that is a no fail approach; each individual is different. What might work for one addict, may not work for another.  Five treatment approaches will be discussed along with factors that must be considered for various special populations. The five treatment approaches are: Detoxification, Counseling, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Community Reinforcement Approach and Family Training Intervention and lastly Interventions. All of these play an important role to every single individual who is a victim of substance abuse.

Detoxification

Detoxification is not a cure for addiction; it is usually the first step in recovery. This approach is often needed when the individual has a physical dependence to their addiction that result in withdrawal symptoms when the drug is decreased or stopped (McNeece & DiNitto, 2012).  Detox is a safe removal of the toxic substance from the body that is largely carried to the liver. Detox can be done on both an outpatient or inpatient setting. Outpatient detox can be done at addiction or private clinics, and mental health centers.  Inpatient detox is done at residential treatment centers and at hospitals. Outpatient has the benefit of being cheaper and more convenient for the client. Being in an inpatient detox program lets the client be monitored, avoids substance of abuse, and can make the process quicker (McNeece & DiNitto, 2012). Choosing whether outpatient or inpatient depends on various factors such as the history, amount the client is using, and the drug. Other factors can be age, medical, and psychiatric illnesses.

Counseling

        Counseling is an approach for many issues that can be extremely effective when used properly. This approach can be done in by individual and group sessions. When dealing with drug and substance abuse, the approach is intended to treat specific problems. Individual counseling includes the professional and the client only. Some clients seem to prefer this method since they appreciate complete focus on them and their situation (Sharma, 2016). Confidentiality and time availability may also be other factors that lead clients to choosing individual counseling. On the other hand there is also group counseling. This can include a group of clients and one or more professionals. Many clients feel accepted and understood by others who are undergoing the same or similar situations which is why they attend group counseling.  By attending counseling, the clients can gain some type of clarity and acceptance of their situation and addictions. The sessions for both ways can be closed or open ended meaning that the client can be assigned to a specific amount of sessions simply continue to go as much needed (Sharma, 2016).

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