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Balance and Motor Skills Among Preschool Children Aged 3 to 4 Years Old

Autor:   •  July 27, 2018  •  Research Paper  •  1,727 Words (7 Pages)  •  144 Views

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Balance and Motor Skills among Preschool Children Aged 3 to 4 Years Old

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Balance and Motor Skills among Preschool Children Aged 3 to 4 Years Old

Introduction: Objectives of the study

Motor and Balance skills are vital basics for the physical growth of a child. This research aimed at measuring anthropometrics, postural balance and motor skills as well as examining their association among healthy preschool kids. Motor skills and balance are imperative fundamentals for the bodily development of a kid. The goals of the research involved the measuring anthropometrics, motor skills and balance; and evaluation of their connection among healthy children aged between 3 and four years. These skills are necessary for the physical functioning and sports performance. Kids acquire them in their preschool years. These skills are basics of a physical, developmental landmark in kids. As the kids grow and develop, the skills are polished for more sophisticated movements that include jumping, hopping, running, and sporting events. Any complication that might arise concerning the motor and balance skills may escalate the dangers of falling as well as injuries even in healthy kid during sporting activities.  Therefore, it is significant to learn about these two skills in children to ensure one knows the physical development of a child.

Motion or muscle movements are referred to “motor” and can be grouped into gross and fine skills. The former refers to substantial physical movements of the whole body while the latter represent small movements, particularly in hands and fingers. The fine motor movements are challenging as compared to gross movements.  On the other hand, an individual achieves balance when the center of mass is maintained in the base of support. Therefore, postural body balance must be maintained to prevent an individual from falling. Precisely, balance is divided into dynamic balance and static balance. The latter is attained when static posture is maintained while resting whereas dynamic balance is achieved when the stability of the body is kept during movement performance.

Both the motor and balance ability in kids is reliant on numerous factors. For instance, the motor capability has been shown to be higher in kids who were extra physically active, had smaller body mass index and less sedentary. Correspondingly, boys with a superior motor performance recorded less time and covered the further distance in walking and jumping correspondingly. Differences at the beginning of puberty were advocated to have led to unpredictable motor performance among the 13-years old. Concerning the balance, stage, height, and mass it have been described to be moderately related to the PBS score. Nonetheless, Body Mass Index was faintly correlated with the score. In younger kids, the larger variability of PBS score was discovered. The previous study recorded that the balance test was learned in girls, while the boys scored highly on the test.  Even though it is understood that older kids achieve better in the test, there is still restricted knowledge on the relationship between anthropometric and the balance skills of these kids of the age ranging from 3 to 4 years.

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