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Roman History: Roman Empire Period Augustus.

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Roman HISTORY: Roman Empire Period


Who was Augustus?

When and Where did he rule?

Why is he important?


  • Augustus Caesar wasn’t actually Julius Caesar's son by blood, though he was his nephew! His real father was named Gaius Octavius, and his mother, Julius’ niece, was named Atia. Caesar never had a heir of his own, and so he adopted Augustus.

  • Augustus’ rule of the Roman Empire began on January 16, 27 BC, and lasted until he died on August 19, 14 AD.

  • Augustus was the first Emperor, and many believe he was the greatest. He boasts about “finding a Rome made of bricks and leaving you one of marble”, which can be used both figuratively (as he strengthened Rome during his rule) and literally (as he left behind many marble buildings)


Who was Tiberius?

When and Where did he rule?

Why is he important?


  • Tiberius was the second emperor of Rome. He never wanted to be emperor in the first place, and was a dark and somber ruler.

  • Tiberius ruled Rome from September 18, 14 to March 16, 37, when he died.

  • He was important because he was an “example emperor”. Instead of getting into petty squabbles, he built extra bases, and occasionally went on conquests.


Who was Caligula?

When and Where did he rule?

Why is he important?


  • Caligula was the third Roman Emperor, and adoptive grandson of Tiberius

  • Caligula’s rule of Rome lasted from March 16, 37 to January 24, 41, when he died.

  • Caligula is mostly described in a negative light, and there is little know about his early reign. However, he did try to give the Emperor more power during his reign.


Who was Claudius?

When and Where did he rule?

Why is he important?


  • Claudius was the fourth Roman Emperor, and was inexperienced to be one, but ended up being able and efficient.

  • Claudius’ rule began in January 24, 41 and lasted until October 13, 54, when he died.

  • Claudius was very interested in law, and would give out at least 20 edicts himself, a day. He was also a very ambitious builder, having many roads, aqueducts, and canals built throughout the empire.


Who was Nero?

When and Where did he rule?

Why is he important?


  • Nero was the fifth Roman Emperor. He was also Claudius’ great-nephew, as well as his adoptive son.

  • Nero’s rule lasted from October 13, 54 to June 6, 68 when he died outside of Rome.

  • Nero is referred to as a tyrant, but is also the only emperor to be born outside of Rome.

Year of the Four Emperors

Who were the four emperors?

When and Where did they rule?

Why are they important?


  • The four emperors were Galba, Otho, Vitellius, and Vespasian.

  • Galba’s rule lasted from 68 to 69, Otho’s rule lasted for a portion of 69, as did Vitellius’ rule, and Vespasian’s rule lasted from 69 to 79.

  • The four emperors were important, as they marked the end of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.

Flavian dynasty

Flavian Dynasty

  • The Flavian Dynasty contained the rule of  Vespasian, from 69 AD to 79 AD, Titus, from 79 AD to 81 AD, and Domitian, from 81 AD to 96 AD.

  • During Titus’ rule, many natural disasters, including the burial of Pompeii, happened. However, during the Flavian Dynasty, Rome strengthened its border defense, as well as got economically and culturally reformed.

Five Good Emperors


  • The Five Good Emperors were  Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius.

  • They were named the “good” emperors, as every one of them were adopted, and earned respect through “good” ruling.


“Augustus.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 8 Feb. 2019,

“Caligula.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 20 Feb. 2019,

“Claudius.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 4 Feb. 2019,

“Flavian Dynasty.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 29 Aug. 2018,

“Nero.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 20 Feb. 2019,

“Nerva–Antonine Dynasty.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 11 Feb. 2019,

“Tiberius.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 21 Feb. 2019,

“Year of the Four Emperors.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 17 Feb. 2019,

All images credit belongs to their respective wiki page, unless stated otherwise


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