Religion / Introduction To The New Testament

Introduction To The New Testament

Autor:  andrey  13 October 2013
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Words: 1892   |   Pages: 8
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Week 1 Examination Questions

Question 1. Try to define and describe the New Testament to someone who has never heard of it. Include in your response the following: the language used, the variety of literature, the message, and something about the formation of the New Testament canon.

The New Testament, sometimes referred to as the Greek Scriptures, is the name given to the part of the Christian Bible that was written after the birth of Jesus. The term is a translation of the Latin Novum Testamentum, which translates from the Greek meaning "The New Covenant" or Testament. It was originally used by early Christians to describe their relationship with God and later to designate a particular collection of 27 books. The New Testament was written in Koine Greek and was written by various authors at various times and places. Unlike the Old Testament, the New Testament was written in a narrow span of time, over the course of around a century.

In the New Testament, the Bible teaches that forgiveness of sins is found through Jesus Christ alone. Jesus is the son of God in human form, sent to earth to bring us back into relationship with God and to save us from sin and God's judgment. The main theme of the New Testament is the long awaited fulfillment of God's promises from the Old Testament.

The New Testament books are divided into the Gospels, History, Epistles (General and Pauline) and Apocalyptic (Prophecy). The Gospels focus on the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus and include the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.

The Acts of the Apostles focuses on the history of the early Christian church after the death of Christ with a significant portion documenting Paul's ministry.

The Epistles, including Hebrews, Ephesians and Thessalonians, are also referred to as the Letters, and consist of the earliest texts included in the New Testament. Written during the middle of the first century following Jesus' death, and written to the church at large, 13 ...



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